When deciding which of the LATCH approaches to apply to a particular document think about how the reader is likely to want to access the information.
Imagine a document about 'soccer teams of the world'.
If the aim is for users to treat it as a reference book and look up teams as and when they need to, the best approach could be alphabetical.
You might use a geographical (location) approach if you felt readers would be more interested in how soccer has evolved continent by continent. Within this, you could put teams in alphabetical order.
Or you could still use a geographical approach, listing teams country by country, but then within this put them in order of importance (hierarchy).
If you thought readers would be more interested in the history of the game, you could put the information in chronological (time) order, starting with the oldest teams.